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Regular Spanish Verb Conjugations

Regular Spanish verb conjugations can be a bit hard to learn for English speakers because English verbs are much easier to conjugate.

For instance, to conjugate the verb "to sell" in the present tense, you only have to change as follows:

  • I sing
  • You sing
  • He/she/it sings
  • we sing
  • you sing
  • they sing.

... and to change the conjugation to past tense, you only have to learn one form: sang (I sang, you sang, he/she/it sang, etc)!

How easy is that!?

I'd like to say that it doesn't take much to get it right in English, but us Spanish speakers get the same difficulty in reverse!

We tend to forget to add the s to the 3rd singular person conjugation in the present tense!

I suppose the simplicity of English verbs confuses us!

Anyway, in Spanish you need to use more endings to properly conjugate verbs in different tenses, and that's what makes them difficult to learn.

But they don't need to be difficult at all. Once you learn the appropriate endings, regular Spanish verb conjugations become very easy.

The first thing you have to drill into your head is that Spanish verbs always end in:

-ar -er -ir

That's also true for regular and irregular verbs in Spanish.

Got that? Great!

"Hang on!", I hear you say... "what makes a verb regular"?

Good question!

You see, a verb is formed by a stem and an ending. The stem of a verb is the main part of the word.

If the verb is, for instance, "entrar" (to enter), the stem is entr, and the ending is ar.

Does that make sense? Good (I hope it does!).

Then...

a regular verb is one which stem does not change no matter what pronoun or tense you conjugate that verb in.

Now, let's take one sample verb for each ending type: Entrar (to enter), Comer (to eat) and Vivir (to live):

Entrar Comer

Vivir


Let's see how to conjugate these 3 verbs into simple present, past and future tenses in the sections below. Keep an eye on their endings for each pronoun (that's the key!):

Spanish Regular Verbs Conjugated in the Present Tense

The simple present is actually called "present indicative" by grammarians.

But we're not going to be pedantic at this point in time, and we'll just call it "present", ok?

Conjugation of Spanish Regular Verbs in the Present Tense
Pronoun Entrar
Comer
Vivir
Yo
entro como vivo
Tu
entras comes vives
Vos
entrás comés vivís
Usted
entra come vive
El/Ella/Ello
entra come vive
Nosotros/Nosotras
entramos comemos vivimos
Ustedes
entran comen viven
Vosotros/Vosotras
entrais comeis vivís
Ellos/Ellas
entran comen viven


Things to notice

  • Notice how the first person singular (yo) always ends in -o regardless of its stem (but check out the exceptions below)
  • Nosotros/nosotras ends in -mos for all verbs and tenses.
  • Ellos/ellas/ustedes is made plural by adding -n to the singular: entra --> entran, come ---> comen, vive ---> viven. The only exception to this rule is the verb ser, where the thrid person singular is es, but the plural is son

Other Exceptions

There are six verbs whose first person singulars (yo) do not end in -o. But these are irregular verbs anyway:

Dar To give doy
Estar To be estoy
Ir To go voy
Saber to know
Ser To be soy
Haber To have (an an auxiliar verb) he


That's it for now. If you want to learn to conjugate regular verbs in simple past and simple future tenses, check out the link below (under the "Relevant Links" section).

Spanish Verb Conjugations: 2 Very Useful Applications

There are 2 very useful applications I want to draw your attention to: one is a free application, and the other one is a paid application.

The Free Conjugator

If you want the whole enchilada, that is all the Spanish verb conjugations in one go (except that for ones for the pronoun "vos", which most sites and books omit), you can type the Spanish verb you're interested in into the box below, and that'll open a new window with all the Spanish verb conjugations you need.

It's a very handy tool! Enjoy!

Spanish Verb Conjugator

Get Your Spanish Verbs Conjugations

Enter the infinitive of the Spanish verb you want conjugated. Use small letters caps and press Enter. Remember: Don't use capitals.

Verb:


The Paid Conjugator

Why would you be interested in a paid application?

Play the video below, and you'll see that the Verbarrator goes beyond what the free tool does.


Related Links:






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